Treating hemorrhoids typically involves a mixture of options that will both alleviate your symptoms and cure the hemorrhoids. In most cases, you are able to treat your hemorrhoids with over-the-counter and natural remedies.
Only in very severe cases or when your hemorrhoids keep coming back should you require a medical treatment. Learning about the various treatments is important because you want to choose one that will provide you with the most relief. In some cases, you can combine treatments for the best success.
Learning about Hemorrhoids
When it comes to how to treat a hemorrhoid, you want to know more about the two types of hemorrhoids because the treatments vary in some instances. External hemorrhoids tend to cause pain, itching and irritation because there is nothing protecting them from friction when you move around.
Internal hemorrhoids may not cause any symptoms, but when they do, bleeding is the most common. Internal hemorrhoids are usually not painful unless they prolapse because then they are at the same risk for friction as external hemorrhoids.
If you have a hemorrhoid that is bleeding, you will want to get it taken care of quickly. In severe cases, you can lose enough blood to experience anemia. With this condition, it is common to feel very weak and tired. The bleeding will be bright red and may be present in the toilet bowl or on toilet paper after you have a bowel movement. You want to know the causes of hemorrhoids so that you can work to avoid them. The most common causes include:
- a) Being pregnant, especially late in your pregnancy
- b) Having anal intercourse
- c) Being obese or overweight
- d) Having a family history of hemorrhoids or a person history of the condition
- e) Prolonged sitting, especially on the toilet
- f) Chronic constipation or diarrhea
- g) When you have bowel movements, you often find yourself straining throughout
Medical Treatments for Hemorrhoids
In some cases, the best hemorrhoid treatment means getting some help from your doctor. There are several different options that your doctor may discuss with you. Your doctor will start with the non-invasive methods because these are relatively quick and simple for getting rid of hemorrhoids. These procedures include:
- a) Rubber band ligation: This is the most popular option and one of the oldest. It does work and it causes your hemorrhoid to fall off within seven days.
- b) Sclerotherapy: Your doctor will take a chemical solution and inject it into the area around the hemorrhoid to kill it.
- c) Coagulation: Your doctor will use a laser or infrared technology to cause your hemorrhoid to shrivel up.
When all other methods fail to produce results, your doctor may recommend a surgical procedure for your hemorrhoid, especially an internal hemorrhoid. All types of surgery involve disrupting the hemorrhoid’s blood supply so that it is not able to get the nutrients it needs for survival.
Like all other surgeries, there are risks associated, such as bladder emptying problems, urinary tract infections and rectal prolapse. With the hemorrhoid stapling procedure, there is no guarantee that the hemorrhoid will not come back.
Treating Hemorrhoids Using Natural Remedies
One of the best natural remedies is getting adequate fiber in your diet so that you are able to avoid straining during a bowel movement. Frequent straining is the most common cause of hemorrhoids and constipation causes straining. There are different types of fiber you can choose from, depending on which one you tolerate the best. In general, you will need 25 to 30 grams per day. The following are good natural fiber sources:
- a) Carob
- b) Psyllium
- c) Flaxseed
- d) Acacia fiber
- e) Glucomannan
There are other natural remedies you can use that you can easily get over-the-counter at a grocery store or drug store. Witch hazel and apple cider vinegar are two things that you can apply topically or put into a sitz bath. For topical application, soak a piece of cotton ball or
sterile gauze in either solution and apply it to the hemorrhoid. You want to keep this in place for at least five minutes, remove it and allow the area to dry before getting dressed. There is no reason to cleanse the area afterward.
For a sitz bath, you will place the bath on the toilet with the toilet lid open. Fill the bath with warm water and add either witch hazel or apple cider vinegar to it. Sit on the bath for about 15 minutes to get some relief from your symptoms and to promote healing.
Gently dry the area after a sitz bath using a hair dryer on the cool setting. Do not use a towel or anything else that requires rubbing to dry off because this can irritate your hemorrhoid and increase your symptoms.
Home and Preventative Options for Treating Hemorrhoids
Preventing hemorrhoids means making a little bit of lifestyle changes to promote regular bowel movements and reduce the need to strain. These same changes will also make living with your hemorrhoid more comfortable until it goes away. Consider the following to promote hemorrhoid healing, reduce symptoms and prevent hemorrhoids:
- a) Bathe daily so that you can keep the anal area clean. This prevents fecal particles from accumulating near the hemorrhoid and causing irritation.
- b) Use wet wipes and not regular toilet paper to clean up after a bowel movement. Make sure to wipe very gently.
- c) You can apply an ice pack to the area for external hemorrhoids. Just make sure to not put ice directly on the skin.
The best treatment for hemorrhoids ultimately depends on your needs and preferences. Certain treatment options are more effective for some people compared to others. Talk to your doctor before using any treatments to ensure that they will be safe and effective for you.
You could start using the preventative treatments at any time to prevent hemorrhoids from occurring or recurring. These involve basic lifestyle changes to prevent constipation so that you do not strain during the movement of your bowel .